History

The organization was incorporated in 1938 as the Woodrow Wilson Birthplace Foundation.  The name was changed in 2004 to the Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library, but the mission remains to preserve Woodrow Wilson’s Birthplace – the Staunton Presbyterian Manse – and to serve the ideals that Wilson supported through his public service.  Founding Trustees included a number of important figures in the Wilson Administration and a core group of civic-minded Virginians.  The preservation of Wilson’s Birthplace had the ongoing support and active involvement of the President’s widow, Edith Bolling Galt Wilson, originally from Wytheville.

The Manse was restored and furnished in 1940 according to the then-prevailing standards of the Colonial Revival style.  The restoration gardens behind the Manse were created by The Garden Club of Virginia and designed by Richmond landscape architect Charles Gillette in 1933.  The Manse was officially dedicated in 1941 by President Franklin Roosevelt as “a new shrine of freedom.”

In 1964, the Manse was designated a registered National Historic Landmark.  Research in the 1970s led to further restoration and refurnishing to the year of Wilson’s birth (1856), and the Manse now represents the early-to mid-Victorian era.  Research on the exterior masonry’s finish resulted in removal of 113 years of white paint from the masonry surface.  To more accurately interpret the house as it appeared in 1856, the exterior was returned to its red appearance.  The Manse is located within a federal historic district in Staunton known as Gospel Hill.

Over the years, the Foundation acquired additional properties adjacent to the Manse, and in 1990 opened the Woodrow Wilson Museum with exhibit galleries interpreting the life and public service of the 28th President.  This building, named the Dolores Lescure Center after a long-time Board Chair, also houses the educational center on the second floor, curatorial offices and collections on the third floor of this building, and a World War I Trench exhibit in the basement.  The Lescure Center also features President Wilson’s 1919 Pierce-Arrow limousine.  The Garden Club of Virginia, which installed and expanded the gardens behind the Manse and around the Museum, continues to maintain the gardens.  Foundation offices are located in the building next to the Manse, named the Emily Smith House after another long-time Board Chair.  The President’s Shop, which serves as the admissions center and gift shop, is also located in the Emily Smith House.  In 2008, the Foundation acquired the historic Kenwood house next to the Lescure Center on East Beverley Street.  This site houses the Library and Research Center on the second floor and the Don W. Wilson Hall meeting space on the first floor.

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Wilson was president throughout World War I. He attempted to keep America out of the war and even won reelection with the slogan "He kept us out of war." Nonetheless, after the sinking of the Lusitania, continued run-ins with German submarines, and the release of the Zimmerman Telegram, America became involved. with the Lusitania, the continued harassment of American ships by German submarines, and the release of the Zimmerman Telegram meant that America joined the allies in April, 1917.

Woodrow Wilson was President when the 19th amendment was ratified in 1920 giving women the right to vote.

Wilson piloted the ship that brought America onto the world stage. He made the first steps of leading us out of isolationism, violating Washington's tenet of avoiding foreign entanglements.

He led America during World War I. His fervent hope was for the US to join a League of Nations, the precursor to the United Nations.

A Woodrow Wilson Quote: "Life does not consist in thinking, it consists in acting."

A Woodrow Wilson Quote: "The Constitution was not made to fit us like a straitjacket. In its elasticity lies its chief greatness."

A Woodrow Wilson Quote: "I believe in democracy because it releases the energies of every human being."

The Seventeenth Amendment was formally adopted on May 31, 1913. Wilson had been president for almost three months at the time. The amendment provided for the direct election of senators. Prior to its adoption, Senators were chosen by state legislatures.

Wilson was the first president to receive a PhD which he got in Political Science from Johns Hopkins University. He had received his undergraduate degree from the College of New Jersey, renamed Princeton University in 1896.

Woodrow Wilson could not read during the first decade of his life. Though undiagnosed, he may have suffered from a learning disability

Woodrow Wilson was known as "Tommy" until his college years.

Woodrow Wilson during his boyhood, helped establish the "Lightfoot Baseball Club" with his friends. Wilson played second base and was an avid sport fan throughout his adult life.

Woodrow Wilson was the first president to attend the Major League Baseball Fall Classic. He saw the debut of a young 20 year old pitcher by the name of George Herman "Babe" Ruth.

Woodrow Wilson was a graduate of Princeton University and Johns Hopkins University and the only president to hold an earned doctoral degree.

Woodrow Wilson image is on the $100,000 bill although it is no longer in circulation