Archival Collections at the Library

Pvt. John Ambuehl: .5 linear foot. (1917-1919). This collection consists of documents and letters relating to his service in France during World War I. They offer graphic evidence of the bloody fighting experienced by the American Expeditionary Force along the Western Front. 

Clifford Berryman Cartoons: .5 linear foot. (1912-1921). Courtesy of the Center for Legislative History at the National Archives, the Berryman Collection consists of scans of Wilson-era cartoons drawn by Clifford Berryman of the Washington Evening Star. The cartoons cover the political and cultural significance of the 28 president and give insights into the popular mind during Wilson's administration. Available in the eLibrary.

Political Cartoons Collection: .25 linear foot. This collection is comprised of miscellaneous Wilson cartoons, most undated. It provides a glimpse into the political controversies experienced by President Wilson, and the popular reaction to his initiatives and policies. Available in the eLibrary.

Charles Catlett Papers: .5 linear foot. (1912). This collection is comprised of a Staunton businessman's correspondence regarding Woodrow Wilson's 1912 visit to Staunton. The post-election and pre-inaugural visit was the occasion for a grand homecoming celebration for the soon-to-be chief executive during which he reflected on what his Virginia heritage meant to him. 

Peyton Cochran Papers: 1 linear foot. (1917-1919). These papers include the correspondence of a Staunton lawyer to his wife from France where he worked for the Judge Advocate General's office. The collection includes American Expeditionary Force press releases, Adjutant General memos, and opinions of the Judge Advocate General of the Army for World War I.

R. Emmet Condon Collection: 1 linear foot. (1918-1920). R. Emmet Condon was secretary to Henry White, one of five American Peace Commissioners at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference. The collection consists of correspondence, memoranda, telegrams, official documents, and photographs originating during the Peace Conference and primarily regarding the Japanese acquisition of German rights and interests in the Shantung peninsula of China following World War I. A few papers involve the positioning of Greek troops in and around Smyrna. See the collection description; also available in the eLibrary.

Daisie Dodson Collection: .25 linear foot. (1924). These papers include newspaper clippings about Woodrow Wilson's death kept by Daisie Dodson as a teenager in Portsmouth, Va. It is a touching effort by a Virginia youngster to memorialize the dead president.

Gilder-Lehrman Institute for American History Woodrow Wilson Documents: .5 linear foot. (1890-1921). The collection includes scans of Wilson related correspondence in the Gilder Lehrman Institute collection. A variety of important topics is covered, ranging from the decision to enter World War I to the Paris Peace Conference. Available in the eLibrary.

Goucher College Collection: .25 linear foot. (1912-1918). This collection consists of scans of Woodrow Wilson letters and photographs from the Goucher College Archives. Two of Wilson's daughters attended Goucher College; the collection includes a touching letter of Wilson defending a Goucher College German professor who had been fired for a lack of enthusiasm about the United States' entry into World War I. Available in theeLibrary.

Cary T. Grayson Papers: 118 linear feet. (1897-1938). Cary T. Grayson was Woodrow Wilson's personal physician, friend, and confidante. The papers include the following series: biographical files, books, certificates, correspondence, diaries, newspapers, photographs, postcards, speeches, miscellaneous. These documents record such vital information as Wilson's unvarnished assessments of the national and international leaders of the era, the series of strokes and their impact on the president and the effort of the First Lady and the White House staff to maintain the continuity of government during Wilson's disability. The vast majority of these documents have long been in private hands, and they will substantially advance the state of Wilson studies when they are accessible. Some materials available in the eLibrary.

William C. Grayson Papers: 12 linear feet. This collection is comprised of papers from the 1930s and 1940s from Cary T. Grayson's son, including material from his service in World War II.

Judge Groner Papers: .5 linear foot. (1938-1947). Judge Groner was chief justice of the District of Columbia Court of Appeals and the chairman of the board of the Woodrow Wilson Birthplace Foundation in 1938. The papers include correspondence with such Wilson associates as Carter Glass, Harry Byrd, Jesse Jones, Francis Sayre, Josephus Daniels, and others.

George L. Harrison Papers: 20 linear feet. (1906-1953). Papers of George L. Harrison, second president of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, including correspondence, speeches, diaries, etc. Harrison married the widow of Dr. Cary Grayson, and much of the correspondence details the early development of the Federal Reserve System, one of Wilson's primary achievements.

Seaman Ole K. Haverson Papers: .5 linear feet (1917-1919)  Letters and documents relating to his service in France during World War I.  They offer graphic evidence of the bloody fighting experienced by the American Expeditionary Forces along the Western Front.

Hoover-Wilson Correspondence from the Hoover Institute at Stanford University: 2 linear feet. (1914-1919) Herbert Hoover served as the director of the Belgian relief effort and headed the U.S. Food Administration and the American Relief Administration during the Wilson Administration. The papers consist primarily of copies of correspondence between Hoover and Wilson, as well as the President's secretary, Joseph P. Tumulty. Letters concerning the Belgian relief efforts and American food regulations during World War I are also included. Available in the eLibrary.

Nathan and Annie Lee Hoyt Collection: .5 linear feet. Correspondence from Woodrow and Ellen Wilson to Ellen's cousin Nathan Hoyt, as well as a small album of snapshots taken at Ellen Wilson's funeral in Rome, Georgia, on August 11, 1914. Available in the eLibrary.

William D. Hoyt, Jr. Collection: 1.5 linear foot. (1896-1924). This collection includes correspondence and rare family photographs from Mary E. Hoyt, cousin of Wilson's first wife, Ellen Axson Wilson. It also includes Hoyt's unpublished biography of Jessie Wilson. Available in the eLibrary.

Rose Frances Hull Papers: .5 linear foot. (1935-1953). These papers consist of correspondence between Cordell Hull's widow and Mrs. H. McKelden Smith regarding early years of the Foundation.

Otto Kappelmann World War I Collection: .5 linear feet. Of German descent, Otto Kappelmann was enlisted in the U.S. Army from 1916 to 1919. His letters, written primarily to his sister, Anna-Marie Bubendey, describe military camp life on the Texas border and in South Carolina. Kappelmann writes about African-American recruits, health issues, and German prisoners of war. The collection includes postcards of military camps and trenches on the front. Available in the eLibrary.

Arthur S. Link Personal Papers: 1.5 linear feet. (1913-1991). This collection contains the personal correspondence, speeches, and essays of Wilson biographer Arthur Link, a Princeton professor who edited the 69-volume edition of Wilson's papers. Also included are copies of documents from the French Foreign Ministry (1914-1917) and the German archives.

Wallace McClure Papers: 20 linear feet. (1918-1924). The McClure Papers is a large and eclectic collection of Wilson-related pamphlets, newspaper clippings, and speeches, assembled by a distinguished Virginia jurist.

John T. Nightingale Collection: 1 linear foot. (1907-1921; Bulk: 1917-1919). The John T. Nightingale Collection originated in connection with Captain Nightingale's assignment in December 1918 to become a member of the American Peace Commission charged with the duty of "making all arrangements for the sorting, labeling, transportation and final delivery in Paris of the personal baggage of the President," his immediate party and members of the American Peace Commission. In addition, Capt. Nightingale was in charge of the train schedule arrangements of the Special Presidential Train, including the President's trip to Belgium in June, and of compiling an expense report to the Army of the Peace Commission. The Collection consists of military service documents, both official and personal, diary pages, 7 issues of "The Hatchet," personal/business correspondence, and dogtags and a WWI Croix de Guerre medal. See the full collection description.

Race and Segregation in the Wilson Administration: 1 linear foot. (1911-1943). This collection includes documents obtained from the Library of Congress and National Archives pertaining to issues of race and policies of segregation during Woodrow Wilson's administration. It includes documents from the Departments of Agriculture, Commerce, Justice, Treasury, the Bureau of Engraving and Printing, and other government offices and committees.

Edith Gittings Reid Collection: .5 linear foot. (1896-1923). This collection contains photocopies of 39 personal letters from Woodrow Wilson to Edith Gittings Reid donated by Edith Bolling Wilson. Mrs. Reid was a close friend of Wilson during his academic years, and they often corresponded about Wilson's "literary efforts."

St. Mary's School Collection: .25 linear foot. (1906-1908). This collection contains photocopies of letters from Woodrow Wilson's daughter Eleanor to her sister Jessie written while a student at St. Mary's School. Many firsthand observations of Wilson family life are included in these letters.

Papers of Frances Wright Saunders: 4 linear feet. These papers contain research notes compiled by Mrs. Saunders in preparation for a biography of Ellen Axson Wilson. These notes give useful information about the president's first wife and how she helped shape Wilson's life and career.

Jessie Wilson Sayre Papers from Princeton University: 1 linear foot (1886-1931). Courtesy of the Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library, this collection consists primarily of letters to and from Woodrow Wilson's second daughter, Jessie, between the years 1886-1931, that provide rare glimpses into the Wilson family's private life. Correspondents include: Woodrow Wilson, Ellen Axson Wilson, Margaret A. Wilson, Elenaor Wilson McAdoo, Stockton Axson and Edward W. Axson. Available in the eLibrary.

Edward D. Shoor Collection: 1 linear foot: (1917-1919). This collection includes fascinating photographs and related documents from Edward D. Shoor's military service in World War I, including his service as driver for Woodrow Wilson's presidential party during battlefield tours and a trip to Belgium. Many unpublished photographs show the president's tours to the scenes of American bravery, demolishing the claims that Wilson did not adequately pay tribute to the sacrifice of the American Expeditionary Force. Available in the eLibrary.

Papers of Mrs. Herbert McKelden Smith: 1 linear foot (1933-74). Mrs. Smith was President of the Woodrow Wilson Birthplace Foundation for many years, and her correspondence includes letters to and from Wilson relatives and other notables.

Benjamin Strong, Jr. Papers from the N.Y. Federal Reserve Bank: 2 linear feet. (1907-1927, two letters from 1942). Benjamin Strong Jr. was appointed first governor of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York upon its formation in 1914. The papers consist of letters between Strong and various Wilson-era cabinet officials, such as Treasury Secretaries William G. McAdoo and Carter Glass, Secretaries of State William Jennings Bryan and Robert Lansing, and Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels. The papers also contain documents relating to the formation of the Federal Reserve Bank, and the Liberty Loan campaigns during the First World War. Available in the eLibrary.

The Marie and Ashley Turnbull Collection: 5 linear feet. (1898-1902). Papers of James Hugh Moffatt who attended Princeton University from 1896-1900 while Woodrow Wilson served on the Princeton faculty. This collection includes correspondence with Wilson and other material about Princeton sports and literary history. Selection of letters available in the eLibrary.

University of California, Santa Barbara Wilson-McAdoo Collection: 1 linear foot. (1890-1924). Courtesy of the University of California at Santa Barbara, the Wilson-McAdoo collection contains primarily the personal papers of Eleanor Wilson McAdoo, Woodrow Wilson's youngest daughter. There is correspondence between Eleanor and her sisters, Margaret and Jessie, and her parents, Woodrow and Ellen Wilson, some dating from Ellen Wilson's trip to Italy in 1904. Photographs in the collection include Eleanor at various stages of her life and Woodrow Wilson. Available in the eLibrary.

University of Virginia Woodrow Wilson Letters: 1 linear foot. (1896-1922). Courtesy of the University of Virginia Special Collections Library, this collection contains a series of letters from Wilson to his long-time friend Richard Heath Dabney, a UVa professor of history. Available in the eLibrary.

Edith Bolling Wilson Papers: .5 linear foot. (1924-1961). Correspondence from Woodrow Wilson's widow, much of it pertaining to her efforts to preserve his legacy.

Woodrow Wilson Birthplace Foundation Collection: 2 linear feet. (1938 - Present). This collection contains papers directly related to Woodrow Wilson and his legacy. Included are correspondence and other materials about a variety of topics, including the Wilson Pierce-Arrow limousine; the Presbyterian Manse where Wilson was born; Woodrow Wilson's visit to Staunton in 1912; and the 1941 dedication of the Manse by President Franklin Roosevelt.

Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library Wilson Papers: 3 linear feet. (1897-1924). Collected by the Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library, this group of letters, invitations and telegrams touches on a variety of topics and all are signed by Wilson. Documents range from a secret request by Wilson for additional funds to spy on the Allies during World War I, to lighter documents including Wilson's humorous note declining to play golf with some of America's finest professionals. Others give insight into such important topics as the fight for women's suffrage, the Paris Peace Talks and the effort to secure approval for United States' membership in the League of Nations. Available in the eLibrary.

Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library Manuscripts Collection: 6 linear feet. This collection includes random ephemera and letters relating to Woodrow Wilson and his legacy. Some documents are available in the eLibrary

Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library Photograph Collection: 12 linear feet. The Wilson Library owns many unique, unpublished photographs of the 28th president of the United States and his era. In age, these photographs range from some of the earliest photographs taken of the young man, to his undergraduate and law-school days at Princeton and the University of Virginia and on to his White House service and decline. Some photographs are available in the eLibrary.

Woodrow Wilson Press Statements: 1 linear foot (1917-1919). This collection includes many of the press releases (both statements from the president and feature stories about his administration) that were written by President's personal secretary, Joseph P. Tumulty. They comprise a fascinating record of early White House attempts to influence public opinion through the media well before the dawn of the information age. Available in the eLibrary.

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did you know?



Wilson was president throughout World War I. He attempted to keep America out of the war and even won reelection with the slogan "He kept us out of war." Nonetheless, after the sinking of the Lusitania, continued run-ins with German submarines, and the release of the Zimmerman Telegram, America became involved. with the Lusitania, the continued harassment of American ships by German submarines, and the release of the Zimmerman Telegram meant that America joined the allies in April, 1917.

Woodrow Wilson was President when the 19th amendment was ratified in 1920 giving women the right to vote.

Wilson piloted the ship that brought America onto the world stage. He made the first steps of leading us out of isolationism, violating Washington's tenet of avoiding foreign entanglements.

He led America during World War I. His fervent hope was for the US to join a League of Nations, the precursor to the United Nations.

A Woodrow Wilson Quote: "Life does not consist in thinking, it consists in acting."

A Woodrow Wilson Quote: "The Constitution was not made to fit us like a straitjacket. In its elasticity lies its chief greatness."

A Woodrow Wilson Quote: "I believe in democracy because it releases the energies of every human being."

The Seventeenth Amendment was formally adopted on May 31, 1913. Wilson had been president for almost three months at the time. The amendment provided for the direct election of senators. Prior to its adoption, Senators were chosen by state legislatures.

Wilson was the first president to receive a PhD which he got in Political Science from Johns Hopkins University. He had received his undergraduate degree from the College of New Jersey, renamed Princeton University in 1896.

Woodrow Wilson could not read during the first decade of his life. Though undiagnosed, he may have suffered from a learning disability

Woodrow Wilson was known as "Tommy" until his college years.

Woodrow Wilson during his boyhood, helped establish the "Lightfoot Baseball Club" with his friends. Wilson played second base and was an avid sport fan throughout his adult life.

Woodrow Wilson was the first president to attend the Major League Baseball Fall Classic. He saw the debut of a young 20 year old pitcher by the name of George Herman "Babe" Ruth.

Woodrow Wilson was a graduate of Princeton University and Johns Hopkins University and the only president to hold an earned doctoral degree.

Woodrow Wilson image is on the $100,000 bill although it is no longer in circulation