Charlottesville Area

Thomas Jefferson 
Shadwell Farm 
Birthplace

Thomas Jefferson was born at Shadwell Farm, however the original house was destroyed by a fire in 1770.  The Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation is currently conducting archeological excavations to determine the house's location. This work is not open to the public.  Today a road marker indicates the probable site of the original house.  

Address: US Route 250; 3 miles east of Charlottesville, Virginia

Website:  http://explorer.monticello.org


Thomas Jefferson
Monticello
Residence and Gravesite

Over a twenty-year period Monticello, Jefferson's home, was enlarged from eight rooms to twenty-one, and became more-or-less finished in 1809 when Jefferson retired from his presidency.  The Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation (later the Thomas Jefferson Foundation) purchased the property in 1923 and shortly afterwards opened it to the public.  Today, the Foundation owns 2,000 of the property's original 5,000 acres and the site includes the main house, outbuildings and dependences, extensive gardens and family cemetery.  Open to the public. 

Address: Virginia Highway/Thomas Jefferson Parkway, Charlottesville, VA 22902, 

Phone Number: (804) 984-9822 

Website:  www.monticello.org


Franklin Roosevelt
Kenwood
Presidential Retreat

Franklin D. Roosevelt adopted Kenwood as his Camp David during his presidency and retreated here on several occasions. The guest cottage was built in 1940-41 for Roosevelt, though he stayed there on only one occasion, preferring the social activity of the main house. On subsequent visits, including four days in June 1944 awaiting the Normandy invasion, he slept in the front bedroom of the main house. Today, Kenwood is the home of the Robert H. Smith International Center for Jefferson Studies. 

Address: Kenwood is located one-quarter mile past Monticello (on land once owned by Jefferson) and about five miles from the center of Charlottesville. 

http://wiki.monticello.org


James Monroe
Ash Lawn – Highland Residence

Ash Lawn-Highland is a historic house museum. Located in Albemare County, Virginia, it includes a 535 acre working farm and performing arts site.  President James Monroe and his wife, Elizabeth Kortright Monroe of New York, owned Ash Lawn-Highland from 1793 to 1826 and made it their official residence from 1799 to 1823. After the Monroes' death, the name of their farm was changed from "Highland" to "Ash Lawn"; today both names are used.  Open to the public. 

Address: 1000 James Monroe Parkway, Charlottesville, Virginia

Phone Number: (434) 293-9539 

Website: www.ashlawnhighland.org


Theodore Roosevelt
Pine Knot
Presidential Retreat

At the beginning of Roosevelt's first term as President, his wife Edith wanted a place where she and the President could get away from public life and enjoy the kinds of recreation appealing to them both. A rustic "camp-like" retreat fit the style and character of T. Roosevelt, who relished "the strenuous life" and close contact with nature.  In 1996, long-term plans for the development of Pine Knot as an historic site, open to the general public, were developed and approved by the Theodore Roosevelt Association. 

Address: Located approximately 13 miles south of Charlottesville, near Keene, VA. Appointments for visits should be made in advance. Inquiries may be made by writing Pine Knot, PO Box 213, Keene, VA, 22946. 

Website: www.theodoreroosevelt.org



While in Charlottesville, Virginia, visit other local attractions and accommodations.

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Wilson was president throughout World War I. He attempted to keep America out of the war and even won reelection with the slogan "He kept us out of war." Nonetheless, after the sinking of the Lusitania, continued run-ins with German submarines, and the release of the Zimmerman Telegram, America became involved. with the Lusitania, the continued harassment of American ships by German submarines, and the release of the Zimmerman Telegram meant that America joined the allies in April, 1917.

Woodrow Wilson was President when the 19th amendment was ratified in 1920 giving women the right to vote.

Wilson piloted the ship that brought America onto the world stage. He made the first steps of leading us out of isolationism, violating Washington's tenet of avoiding foreign entanglements.

He led America during World War I. His fervent hope was for the US to join a League of Nations, the precursor to the United Nations.

A Woodrow Wilson Quote: "Life does not consist in thinking, it consists in acting."

A Woodrow Wilson Quote: "The Constitution was not made to fit us like a straitjacket. In its elasticity lies its chief greatness."

A Woodrow Wilson Quote: "I believe in democracy because it releases the energies of every human being."

The Seventeenth Amendment was formally adopted on May 31, 1913. Wilson had been president for almost three months at the time. The amendment provided for the direct election of senators. Prior to its adoption, Senators were chosen by state legislatures.

Wilson was the first president to receive a PhD which he got in Political Science from Johns Hopkins University. He had received his undergraduate degree from the College of New Jersey, renamed Princeton University in 1896.

Woodrow Wilson could not read during the first decade of his life. Though undiagnosed, he may have suffered from a learning disability

Woodrow Wilson was known as "Tommy" until his college years.

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Woodrow Wilson was the first president to attend the Major League Baseball Fall Classic. He saw the debut of a young 20 year old pitcher by the name of George Herman "Babe" Ruth.

Woodrow Wilson was a graduate of Princeton University and Johns Hopkins University and the only president to hold an earned doctoral degree.

Woodrow Wilson image is on the $100,000 bill although it is no longer in circulation