Thomas Jefferson was born at Shadwell Farm, however the original house was destroyed by a fire in 1770. The Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation is currently conducting archeological excavations to determine the house's location. This work is not open to the public. Today a road marker indicates the probable site of the original house.
Address: US Route 250; 3 miles east of Charlottesville, Virginia
Residence and Gravesite
Over a twenty-year period Monticello, Jefferson's home, was enlarged from eight rooms to twenty-one, and became more-or-less finished in 1809 when Jefferson retired from his presidency. The Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation (later the Thomas Jefferson Foundation) purchased the property in 1923 and shortly afterwards opened it to the public. Today, the Foundation owns 2,000 of the property's original 5,000 acres and the site includes the main house, outbuildings and dependences, extensive gardens and family cemetery. Open to the public.
Address: Virginia Highway/Thomas Jefferson Parkway, Charlottesville, VA 22902,
Phone Number: (804) 984-9822
Franklin D. Roosevelt adopted Kenwood as his Camp David during his presidency and retreated here on several occasions. The guest cottage was built in 1940-41 for Roosevelt, though he stayed there on only one occasion, preferring the social activity of the main house. On subsequent visits, including four days in June 1944 awaiting the Normandy invasion, he slept in the front bedroom of the main house. Today, Kenwood is the home of the Robert H. Smith International Center for Jefferson Studies.
Address: Kenwood is located one-quarter mile past Monticello (on land once owned by Jefferson) and about five miles from the center of Charlottesville.
Ash Lawn – Highland Residence
Ash Lawn-Highland is a historic house museum. Located in Albemare County, Virginia, it includes a 535 acre working farm and performing arts site. President James Monroe and his wife, Elizabeth Kortright Monroe of New York, owned Ash Lawn-Highland from 1793 to 1826 and made it their official residence from 1799 to 1823. After the Monroes' death, the name of their farm was changed from "Highland" to "Ash Lawn"; today both names are used. Open to the public.
Address: 1000 James Monroe Parkway, Charlottesville, Virginia
Phone Number: (434) 293-9539
At the beginning of Roosevelt's first term as President, his wife Edith wanted a place where she and the President could get away from public life and enjoy the kinds of recreation appealing to them both. A rustic "camp-like" retreat fit the style and character of T. Roosevelt, who relished "the strenuous life" and close contact with nature. In 1996, long-term plans for the development of Pine Knot as an historic site, open to the general public, were developed and approved by the Theodore Roosevelt Association.
Address: Located approximately 13 miles south of Charlottesville, near Keene, VA. Appointments for visits should be made in advance. Inquiries may be made by writing Pine Knot, PO Box 213, Keene, VA, 22946.
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